Benign prostatic hyperplasia, also referred to as BPH, is a common urological condition among men that is a benign, noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. BPH is a slow, evolving condition that will begin when a man is in his early 30’s, usually showing limited, if any symptoms, an then evolving over time into noticeable symptoms by age 50. Almost half of all men over the age of 50 will experience symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia; however, only about 10% will need medical and/or surgical intervention for their enlarged prostate.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms will present themselves when the enlarged prostate gland eventually impedes or blocks the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra to the outside. Almost always, the symptoms of BPH are associated with urinating. The most common symptoms of BPH include:
- A weak or slow urination stream
- Urgency to urinate
- Difficulty starting the urination stream
- Pressure in the bladder
- Continued dribbling of urine
- If BPH is not treated, more serious problems such as urinary tract infections and a complete blockage of the urethra could occur which could injure the kidneys.
BPH treatment depends on a number of factors including the size of the enlarged prostate and a man’s overall health. Lifestyle changes such as a change in diet and exercise, eliminating or decreasing alcohol and caffeine, could improve some of the symptoms associated with BPH. Medications such as alpha-blockers and anticholinergics can often control many of the milder symptoms as well. Other medicine can shrink the size of the prostate.
If the symptoms persist and are more severe, minimally invasive surgeries are available to reduce the size of the prostate. Laser therapy, microwave thermal therapy, and a transurethral resection of the prostate area all minimally invasive techniques that are used to reduce the size of the prostate.
North Dallas Urology Associates treats patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia regularly. For additional resources on this common urological condition, or to schedule an appointment at our Plano, Richardson and Frisco locations, call 972.612.8037. To schedule an appointment at our McKinney location, call 972.548.8195.