Testicular cancer is a cancer that starts in the testicles. The testicles are the male reproductive glands that are located inside the scrotum. This cancer is a common cancer among males and is most common cancer for men between the ages of 15 and 35. Testicular cancer usually presents as a lump on the testicle.
There are two main types of testicular cancer: Seminomas and nonseminomas.
Many men will not realize they have anything wrong with their testicles and oftentimes, there will be no symptoms. If symptoms do exist, they will range in severity.
Signs of testicular cancer include:
- Pain in the testicles
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Back pain
- A lump or swelling in either testicle
If a lump is detected during a physical exam, more tests may be ordered to determine if it is in fact testicular cancer. A CT scan, blood tests, chest x-rays and an ultrasound of the scrotum may be used.
Treatment for testicular cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and the type of cancer it is. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation are often used together or separate to treat testicular cancer.
It is important for men to give themselves testicular examinations on a regular basis. If a lump or any swelling exists in the testicles, an appointment should be made with a urologist to determine if testicular cancer is present.
For a complete physical and to discuss the signs of testicular cancer, or to schedule an appointment at our Plano, Richardson and Frisco locations, call 972.612.8037. To schedule an appointment at our McKinney location, call 972.548.8195.