Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)

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Over the course of their adult life, both men and women will most likely receive a digital rectal (finger) exam—at one point or another—during a routine health examination. This procedure is performed so that a doctor can check for problems associated with the organs and structures in the pelvis and lower belly. During the examination, your doctor will gently put a lubricated, gloved finger of one hand into the rectum while using the opposite hand to place and put pressure ...

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Artificial Urinary Sphincter (AUS)

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For men and women who are faced with an extreme or complicated case of incontinence, the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) can be a viable option to help control the condition. The AUS is a surgically implantable device used to restore urinary control in men and women. For trauma victims, patients who are experiencing incontinence following a surgery for prostate cancer, and for those who have congenital defects in the urinary system, the AUS can provide excellent long-term results. The devise ...

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Urinary Tract Infection

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The urinary tract is the area within the human body that makes, stores and eliminates urine through a system of integrated organs. When a person experiences a urinary tract infection, in most cases, the infection is occurring with the bladder. If treated swiftly, bladder infections can be cured in a relatively short period of time; if left untreated, the infection could spread and infect the kidneys which could result in more serious symptoms. Women tend to experience urinary tract infections ...

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Post-Void Residual Volume

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When a person experiences incontinence of any kind, the most essential step to assess, diagnose and treat the condition is to determine the basis for the problem. For patients who have urinary retention problems—mean the inability to empty the bladder completely, post-void residual measurement is a way to evaluate the amount of urine remaining in the bladder once urination (or voiding) has occurred. The procedure is usually done within five to ten minutes after urination and can be done with ...

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Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

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Another widely used treatment for the cure and release of kidney stones is extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy or ESWL. The procedure is similar to the electrohydraulic lithotripsy procedure where the end goal is to break-down the kidney stone so that it can pass through the urethra, but with this particular treatment ESWL uses highly focused impulses projected from outside of the body to crush and annihilate the kidney stones. The procedure will typically reduce the kidney stones to sand-like granules ...

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Prostate-Specific Antigen Blood Test

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Antigen is a form of protein produced by the cells of the prostate gland. When a man has a prostate-specific antigen blood test (PSA) done, the test measures the level of PSA in the blood. PSA is produced by the body thus testing it is an accurate and reliable way to check for tumors and cancers. Age has a significant impact on the levels of PSA in the blood and a variation in the levels could also be a red ...

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Transrectal Ultrasound of the Prostate

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A transrectal ultrasound of the prostate typically involves a sono-exam in which an ultrasound probe is inserted into the rectum of the patient in order to observe and evaluate the prostrate. The probe essentially sends and receives sound waves through the rectum into the prostate gland. This procedure is performed on a regular basis for men who have felt lumps in the area of the prostate, who may have an enlarged prostrate, or to detect for prostate diseases and abnormalities.

Urology ...

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Prostatectomy

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A prostatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland. The primary reason why a prostatectomy might be performed is to remove cancer cells from the prostrate. A prostatectomy requires anesthesia and a short hospital stay and once released, a catheter will need to be worn at home while you are recuperating. Because the nerves that control a man’s erection reside next to the prostate gland, it is important to understand, before a prostatectomy is performed, ...

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Cryotherapy

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Cryotherapy is a pain treatment procedure where localized freezing temperatures are used in order to deaden or kill an irritated nerve. The method is often used to treat localized areas of some cancers such as the prostrate and to treat abnormal skin cells by dermatologists. The procedure is relatively simple to implement; for example, during a prostate operation, probes are placed in the prostrate, the temperature of the probes decreases to a point of freezing, and they are then placed ...

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Dialysis

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When a person has healthy kidneys, they can rest assure that these organs are helping to eliminate waste from the body and regulate water, minerals and antioxidants in order to keep the blood clean. When a person has an unhealthy or non-functioning kidney, alternative measures must be taken so that the body remains healthy. Dialysis is a procedure that provides a substitute for many of the normal duties a healthy kidney should be performing. Patients will usually require dialysis when ...

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