A urologist will perform a cystoscopy of the bladder to examine the inside of the bladder and urethra. A bladder cystoscopy—also called cystourethroscopy—is performed using a local anesthetic to numb the urethra. During a cystoscopy procedure, the urologist will use a specialized, narrow tube with a tiny camera on the end that will be inserted into the urethra and slowly advanced into the bladder in order to identify certain infections or diseases such as bladder cancer.  If during the procedure an abnormality is found, a biopsy will be performed so that a specific condition can be diagnosed and treatment considered.  A bladder cystoscopy is a fairly common procedure. The cystoscopy procedure is a minimally invasive test and is typically performed as an outpatient procedure. A cystoscopy of the bladder takes under 20 minutes to perform and for the most part is pain-free.

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