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Nephrectomy is the surgical process of removing a kidney or a part of a kidney. Though the human body has two functioning kidneys, it was determined years ago that it can function and excrete urine with just one. Nephrectomy is a major surgery performed under general anesthesia in which a physician makes an incision in the abdomen, disconnects the ureter and blood vessels and removes the kidney. The procedure can also be done as a laparoscopic procedure. Typically a Nephrectomy is performed if one of the kidneys is diseased, is non-functioning or has a congenital defect. For those who wish to donate their kidneys as a living donor, a nephrectomy is typically the procedure performed.

Urology Treatment and Terms © 2011 – eMedical Media –
This information is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It should not be used in place of an individual consultation or examination or replace the advice of your health care professional. This information should not be relied upon to determine diagnosis or course of treatment

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